International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks

T5: Central Weather Administration Seismographic Network

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FDSN Network Information

FDSN code T5 Network name Central Weather Administration Seismographic Network
Start year 2012 Operated by
  • Central Weather Administration
End year - Deployment region Taiwan
Description

The Taiwan Central Weather Bureau (CWB) began to improve the original seismic network, the Central Weather Bureau Seismographic Network (CWBSN) , being a modern real-time network in 1991. From the initial 19 seismic stations, 31 new stations were constructed firstly. Meanwhile, 25 existing stations of the Taiwan Telemetered Seismographic Network (TTSN), managed by the Institute of Earth Sciences of Academia Sinica, were merged into the network as well. At last, the total number of stations increased to 75. At each station, three-component short-period seismograph with digital ground velocity output was installed. The data resolution was 12 bits, and the
sampling rate for transmission was 100 points per second then. The acquisition method for real-time seismic data upgraded from trigger mode to
continuous mode in 1994, which maintain full waveform data and improve the capabilities of small earthquakes detection. The average number of earthquakes detected in a year largely increased from 4,000 to 20,000.
Since then, the Taiwan earthquake catalog has been completely maintained.

For the purpose of seismic hazards mitigation, CWB began to deploy real- time strong-motion stations in 1995. By using the strong-motion data, source parameters of felt earthquake and seismic intensities could be

determined automatically. Consequently, it greatly shorten the reporting time of felt earthquake information. Accelerographs were individually installed or co-site with existing short-period stations. The number of stations increased from 45 in the beginning to 110. The data resolution was 16 bits and the sampling rate was 50 points per second then.

After the occurrence of 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, 24-bit high-resolution broadband seismographic stations were constructed. The sampling rate for digital ground velocity output is 100 samples per second. In comparison with the waveform data of short-period seismograph or accelerograph, the broadband seismograph records more complete frequency band of seismic data, which are very useful for seismic wave phase simulation, focal mechanism inversion, seismic moment calculation, and global earthquake observation. At that time, including 6 stations merged from the National Central University (NCU) broadband array, a total of 33 stations were constructed. Currently, there are 12 stations still in operation.

Since then, the complete real-time seismic network CWBSN has been operated by CWB. The installed sensors in network include short-period, strong-motion, and broadband seismographs.

A progressive instrumental plan was proposed to establish the next generation seismic network of Taiwan in 2006. The project goals aimed to upgrade all existing sensors to 24-bit resolution, moreover, build up new high quality seismic stations. The advanced stations include the downhole seismographic stations and the cable-based OBS (Ocean Bottom Seismograph) stations. For the downhole station, one downhole broadband sensor, one downhole strong- motion sensor, and one surface strong-motion sensor are implemented at a station. Due to the practical improvements on the condition of instrument and environment, higher quality seismic data are obtained for seismological observations and researches. On the other hand, considering that 70% of big earthquakes were occurred off eastern Taiwan, which threatened to lives and properties of Taiwan seriously. Hence, the implementation of OBS stations effectively improve the capabilities of monitoring and reporting offshore big earthquakes, including the shortening of the earthquake response time and the accuracy enhancement of focal parameters determinations.

The new upgraded CWBSN has been in operation since 2012. Total station sites are about 170. Short period, strong-motion, and broadband seismographs are co-site or individually installed within four different types of stations. All the seismographs have been fully upgraded to 24-bit high resolution, with a sampling rate of 100 points per second. The number of earthquakes observed has significantly increased from an average of 20,000 to 40,000 per year.

Due to the organizational transformation, the Central Weather Bureau has become Central Weather Administration since Sep. 15, 2023. The name of the seismic network has been simultaneously changed to the Central Weather Administration Seismographic Network, in short, the CWASN.

Website https://gdms.cwa.gov.tw

Citation Information

Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.7914/SN/T5
Citation
For more: DataCite ( JSON | XML | BibTeX )

Data Access

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FDSN Web Services provide a common data access API for seismic data.

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Additional Notes We have constructed an online data service platform at https://gdms.cwa.gov.tw. This Taiwan Seismological and Geophysical Data Management System (GDMS in short) has been officially open to the world since 2022-01-01. Due to the bandwidth limitation, the performance of this version may not be as efficient as what those well-known data centers have achieved. But we do have a plan to use FDSNWS in the near future once both the networking security and storage have been well taken care. All the data collected by the Taiwan Central Weather Administration are open, and we are tightly collaborating with the Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taiwan to improve the system. We hope we can contribute to the entire research community via this online GDMS platform.

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